План-конспект занятия элективного курса «America in Brief» (8 класс) «Early Days of America» учитель английского языка моу сош №2 icon

План-конспект занятия элективного курса «America in Brief» (8 класс) «Early Days of America» учитель английского языка моу сош №2



НазваниеПлан-конспект занятия элективного курса «America in Brief» (8 класс) «Early Days of America» учитель английского языка моу сош №2
Тяпаева И.А
Дата конвертации07.10.2012
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ТипПлан-конспект
источник


План-конспект

занятия элективного курса

«America in Brief» (8 класс)

«Early Days of America»

Выполнила:

учитель английского языка

МОУ СОШ №2

с. Александров-Гай

Тяпаева И.А.


I. DISCOVERY OF AMERICA

The theme of today's lesson is «Discovery of America. Christopher Columbus». We shall remember and speak about all interesting facts which you have studied and I hope that you will know some new facts about Christopher Columbus.

The main points of our lesson are:

1. DISCOVERY OF AMERICA
2. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS.
3. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS’S VOYAGES.

Every year the 12th of October Americans celebrate Columbus Day. And today at our lesson we shall speak about this famous sailor. We shall read the texts answer the questions and work with the map, and by the end of our lesson you will have known more about the great discoverer.
Let us begin our conversation. Now look here: you see the date on the blackboard. 1492. Do you know what does this date mean? Why does it play a very important role in an American history?

^ S1. In 1492 Christopher Columbus discovered America.

T. There is a poem about him.

Let's remember Columbus
In fourteen hundred and ninety - two
Columbus sailed the ocean blue ...
Let's sing together this old song
About the voyage that took him long,
About the sailors, those strong brave men
Let's sing and remember them all again.

2. Read the text and say what Christopher discovered in 1492 – a country or a continent

^ THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA

In our days everybody knows what the word “America” means. First of all it is the name of the country – the United States of America – or just America. And then America is the name of the two continents – North America and South America. These two continents, North and South America, form the part of the world called America.
Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492.
“In fourteen hundred and ninety-two Columbus sailed the ocean blue…”
This is a song that many children learn about Christopher Columbus and his journey to America.
We don’t know much about the man. He was born in Italy but lived in Spain for a long time. He was a seaman and made many sea voyages. In 1492 the King and the Queen of Spain gave him money to go to India. He decided to sail west as he was sure that our planet was round. And after sailing 4000 miles (6400 kilometers), he reached some land. Columbus thought that it must be India but it was not. It was America – Central America in fact. People began to speak about the land as “the New World”.

Now say what is true, false or you don’t know, according to the text.

True, false or don’t know?

  1. The world America means the name of the country and the name of the two continents.

  2. Christopher Columbus discovered the new continent America.

  3. Christopher Columbus discovered the new continent in 1492.

  4. Nobody remembers Columbus’s voyage.

  5. People know everything about this famous discoverer.

  6. Columbus was born in Spain.

  7. Columbus lived all his life in Italy.

  8. “The New World” was the name of the new land.

T. I have prepared the presentation about Christopher Columbus.

^ (DEMONSTRATION OF THE PRESENTATION)   Приложение 1

I have got some questions about Columbus. Answer them.
1. Where was Columbus born?
2. Where did he live?
3. What was Columbus profession?
4. Who gave Columbus money for his voyage to the West?
5. Where did he have to go?
6. Why did he decide to sail west?
7. Did Columbus find India? Was the discovered land a new land?
8. When did he do his second voyage?
9. Did he ever land on the mainland of North America?

T. The next point of our lesson is Christopher Columbus’s voyages. Be so kind and read the story of Christopher Columbus’s voyages from the beginning up to the end.

Christopher Columbus’s voyages

Columbus made some more voyages to the New World. He discovered some more islands in Central America. Spain was very much interested in this land, in this territory and had some Spanish settlements in South and Central America and in the South of North America too.
The second great voyage of Christopher Columbus began in September in 1493. He had seventeen ships with him. On this voyage he reached Cuba, but didn’t know it was an island. Columbus made four trips in all to the New World but he never landed on the mainland of North America.

True, false or don't know?

1. Columbus made 12 sea voyages.
2. Columbus had fifteen ships during his second voyage to the New World.
3. Columbus visited North America several times.
4. Columbus made four trips in all to the New World.

«Native Americans»


According to researches of Michigan university ancestors of modern Indians came to America from Northeast Asia over 20 000 years ago across so-called Beringov bridge. They were lands between Siberia and Alaska. These lands disappeared about 12 000 years ago.

In those days people lived in small wooden or earth houses. They were very peaceful and wanted to live happily with nature and other people. They believed in many goods ant fought they lived all over in nature. They often had special ceremonies with music and dancing before they went hunting or fishing or when they began farming. There were many different tribes of Indians in those days.

Many Europeans called the Indians «Red-skinned», but it had nothing with natural colour of a leather of Indians. It comes from the first contact with Europeans. In 11th century Vikings came to America. The Indians painted with ochre /охра/ both the person and clothes.


«Columbus, his life and discoveries»


Columbus was born in Italy in 1451. His parents were not rich. In 1470 Columbus married the daughter of the well known sailor. In 1476 Columbus moved to Portugal. He visited England, Ireland and Africa. In 1485 Columbus and his son Diego came to Spain. For two years he lived in a monastery as a beggar. At that time he had an idea to come to India. It was difficult for him to organize an expedition as nobody wanted to help him. At last the Spanish queen and the king gave him money. In 1492 Columbus sailed with 3 small ships in to the Atlantic ocean. After 2 months they saw land. Columbus thought it was f part of India. So he called this land «The West Indians». Then he made 3 voyages to America. The second voyage was in 1496 but he never landed on the mainland of North America. His last voyage was in 1504. After it Columbus was ill and before his death he lived in Spain. Columbus believed that Cuba was part of Asia. He died in May in 1506.


Now answer some questions about Columbus.

  1. Where was Columbus born?
    2. Where did he live?
    3. What was Columbus profession?
    4. Who gave Columbus money for his voyage to the West?
    5. Where did he have to go?
    6. Did Columbus find India? Was the discovered land a new land?
    7. When did he do his second voyage?
    8. Did he ever land on the mainland of North America?

«Amerigo Vespucci»

Amerigo Vespucci was born in Italy in 1454. He was in Spain during Columbus’ voyages. During some years he made several voyages. In 1497 Amerigo Vespucci explored the South American coast. It made him to be the first European to land on the American continent. That’s why the continent was called America. He died in 1512

«First settlers ».


On September 16th in 1620 the ship «Mayflower» with 102 passengers left England for a new land. People did not want to have any problems with the English church and religious. They wanted to start a new life somewhere far from England. So they left the port of Plymouth. There were 3 pregnant women on board the ship.

One of them has given the birth to the son called Oceanus. The 16th of November. The first child has died.

On November 21st the first party of colonists landed the American shore. Some days later some more people have died.

On December 18th there was the first meeting with Indians. They were very friendly and helped the colonists very much.

The pilgrims first winter was very difficult. Without fresh food half of pilgrims died. The following spring the Indians taught pilgrims how to hunt, fish, plant and survive in America. The crops did well and in the fall of 1621 pilgrims had a good harvest. They were thankful and decided to celebrate with a Thanksgiving feast.

They prepared a dinner of turkey, corn, beans and pumpkins. Also they invited their Indian friends to share this feast.

The Indians brought food too. /They even brought popcorn/.


«The Thanksgiving Day.»


American Thanksgiving Day began in Plymouth colony in 1621. This holiday was proclaimed in all regions of the English colonies and was very popular. The first officially designated day of Thanksgiving was in 1631 in Massachusetts. In 1789 President George Washington made the last Thursday in November as a national Thanksgiving Day. In 1861, during the Civil war, President Lincoln proclaimed the

last Thursday in November as an annual national Thanksgiving holiday.

Nowadays families gather together on the holiday, churches are open, football teams do battles on Thanksgiving afternoon. And, of course, the traditional turkey dinner is eaten by families across the land.


More and more people from different countries wanted to start new lives in America. Ships from England, Spain, France, Holland, German, Italy, Denmark had landed the American’s lands. Soon slaves from Africa were brought. New towns and new districts appeared. American colonies were depended on Britain. Firstly there were 13 colonies in America and they wanted to be independence from Britain. In 1783 they won the War of Independence. In 1787 people of America wrote their own Constitution. The firs president was elected. It was George Washington. And nowadays people continue to arrive to the USA. You can see even own Chinese, Italian, Japanese, Mexican and Asian’s blocks in many American cities.

The Americans are a mixture of different nations. The United States is a big «melting pot» of countries. The American nation is not old. It is really young. I think people of different nationalities, from different countries may find even their relatives in America.




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