Orsha is one of the biggest railway junctions in Belarus
Orsha is one of the biggest railway junctions in Belarus icon

Orsha is one of the biggest railway junctions in Belarus



НазваниеOrsha is one of the biggest railway junctions in Belarus
Дата конвертации26.10.2012
Размер6.47 Kb.
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ORSHA

Orsha is a district town in the Vitebsk region. The city is situated at the confluence of the river Orshitsa and the Dnieper. The distance from Orsha to Minsk is 202 km and from Orsha to Vitebsk is 80 km.

Orsha is one of the biggest railway junctions in Belarus.

At first it was a small settlement and the waterway and the land route to Kiev and Smolensk, Vitebsk and Minsk, Polotsk and the Baltic states passed through Orsha. The favorable geographical position contributed to the development of Orsha and the trade in the city. Since the creation of the Great Duchy of Lithuania and later Rzech Pospolita Orsha became a frontier town on the way to the centre of Russia. The first mention of the city dates back to 1067, as Rsha, in "The Tale of Bygone Years."

Orsha is a city-worker, city-warrior, a patriot city – we can use all these definitions to characterize the city.

The Culture and the sights of the city:

The Gospel of Orsha is found in 1812, it is a chronicle monument;

the History Museum;

Konstantin Zaslonov museum;

the museum of Belarusian writer Vladimir Korotkevich;

the Citadel;

the Kuteinski Monastery;

St Joseph Cathedral;

The Orthodox Monastery of the Assumption;

the Uniate church;

the Jesuit collegium;

the Basilian Monastery;

St Elijah Church;

the Water mill museum of local history, culture and lore;

the Memorial "Katyusha"

Today, Orsha is a modern industrial centre of the regional and national importance, one of the largest cities of Belarus.

There was a national Day of Belarusian Written Language in Orsha in 1998.




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