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Card 1 Text 1 the giant panda



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1. /экзамен_9 класс/Pupils`cards .doc
2. /экзамен_9 класс/Teachers` cards.doc
3. /экзамен_9 класс/Билеты.doc
Card 1 I read the text and answer your teacher’s questions
Card 1 Text 1 the giant panda
Билеты («Вестник образования» №3-4, 2007 г.) Иностранные языки IX класс

Чадаева Марина Александровна г. Москва, ГОУ СОШ № 711

Вариант для учителя с вопросами к текстам, к темам и примерными диалогами


CARD 1

Text 1

THE GIANT PANDA HELPdesk.com

An endangered species, the giant panda can only be found in the mountain bamboo forests of Western China. There are only about 1,000 wild giant pandas left in the world. Giant pandas are members of the bear family, and they are mammals. Even though giant pandas look just like bears, they certainly do not behave like bears. Unlike their meat-eating relatives, giant pandas are vegetarians for the most part of their time. Their favourite food is bamboo. Giant pandas must eat a lot of bamboo everyday to get enough nourishment. In fact, they spend at least 12 hours everyday eating about 33 pounds of bamboo. However, if they are extremely hungry and bamboo is nowhere to be found, giant pandas may eat grass, fruits, or sometimes, small animals like chicken.

Giant pandas do not live in groups. They are loners! They only leave their territory from March to May to look for a mate. Female giant pandas usually give birth to twins. Baby giant pandas are very small, blind, pinkish, and weigh about 5 ounces at birth. Strangely, mother giant pandas tend to choose to raise just one baby and leave the other to die. Mother giant pandas feed their babies with milk. A baby giant panda opens its eyes at six to seven weeks. It starts to learn how to walk when it is about three or four months old. Mother giant pandas look after their babies for about 18 months. Once the young is strong enough, it bids farewell to its mother and moves out

to live independently. (1201) *

* количество знаков в тексте


Questions:

  1. Where do pandas live?

  2. What class of animals do they belong to?

  3. What is the main difference between giant pandas and bears?

  4. Why do young giant pandas leave their mothers when they are about 18 months?

  5. Are there any other endangered species in the world? What are they?


Text 2


THE QUEEN OF MYSTERY tolearnenglish.com

Agatha Christie was probably the most successful writer in history. She wrote 78 crime novels, six other novels, 150 short stories, four non-fiction books and 19 plays.

Christie became a writer by accident. She was bored when her husband was away in the First World War. Agatha was working in a hospital dispensary. She decided to write a novel to pass the time. She chose a detective novel because she loved reading them. Her first novel was a great success. Readers loved the books, particularly because Christie always gave the readers all the information they needed to find the solution.

Christie loved travelling. When she became rich she could go all over the world. She used the travels in her writing. Agatha Christie died in 1976, but her stories are still very popular.


Questions:

  1. Prove that Agatha Christie was the most successful writer in history.

  2. How do people become writers? How did A. Christie become a writer?

  3. Why do people love books written by A. Christie?

  4. Who is your favourite author? Why do you love his (her) books?

  5. What kind of stories do you enjoy most?

  6. What is the best book you have ever read? Why do you like it?

  7. How do you usually choose books to read?

  8. Some people don’t read books or read very rarely. Why?

  9. Do you read books in English?

10. What English and American authors do you know? Have you ever read books written by them?


CARD 2

Text 1


DIFFERENT ENGLISH 5 minute English

English is spoken as a first language by several countries including Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada, and the United States. While all of these countries share the same mother tongue, there are some differences in the way they speak and write.

The first difference is in the accent. Each country has its own accent. And within each country there are a variety of accents called regional accents.

Another difference is the spelling of some words, like ‘colour’ and ‘colour’, or ‘theater’ and ‘theatre’.

And a third difference is that some of the words are not the same at all. For example, Americans say restroom, Canadians say washroom, and the British say W.C. (water closet.) But all of these words have the same meaning (the room where the toilet is located.)

So which English is the best English to learn? Well, there is no best English. They are all equally good and correct. But two things may help you decide which one is best for you to study.

First of all, where do you live? If you are from South America, for example, you will probably have more exposure to North American English. If you live in Europe, most likely you will be more exposed to British English.

But no matter where you study English or whether it's British, American, Australian, or whatever, it's good to know a little about English in other countries. (1123)


Questions:

  1. Where is English spoken as a first language?

  2. What are some differences in the way people speak and write in these countries?

  3. What can help a person from another country decide which English is best for him (her)?

  4. Which English is taught at school: British English or American English?

  5. Do you know any other words which are different in British English and American English?



Text 2


Early Music

There was music before there were people to listen to it. Birds sang. Wind whistled, and ocean waves crashed in a steady rhythm. People have probably made music since their earliest days on earth too. Maybe the first human music imitated the sounds of nature. Humans may have created songs in imitation of the sounds of other creatures. As people had words to speak, maybe they also had words for songs. Simple hunting tools might have served as early percussion instruments. Simple flutes made from hollowed bones have been found that date back to 10,000 BC Archaeologists have found evidence that music was played in ancient civilizations including ancient Egypt and Babylonia. As early music was not written down, the earliest evidence of music is in the form of pictures showing musicians and musical instruments.


Questions:

  1. What was the first human music like?

  2. What objects were used as instruments?

  3. How do we know that music was played in ancient civilizations?

  4. Does music play an important role in your life? Why?

  5. Do you enjoy going to concerts?

  6. What else do you prefer to do in your spare time?

  7. Do you like watching TV? What are your favourite programmes?

  8. Do you use the Internet for fun and entertainment? How many hours a day do you surf the web?

  9. How often do you go to parties and discos?

10.Are you fond of sport? What sports have you tried?

11.Some people say that books are best friends. Is it true for you?

12.Who do you prefer to spend your free time with? Why?


CARD 3


Text 1


THANKSGIVING DAY Internet Public Library

The story of America’s Thanksgiving begins with the Pilgrims. Early in the 17-th century, the Pilgrims left England in search of religious freedom. In 1608, they sailed to Holland. Then, in 1620, they crossed the Atlantic by ship called the Mayflower.

After sailing for many weeks, the Pilgrims landed at a place now called Massachusetts. They planted the seeds they had brought from England. But the seeds didn’t grow well, and there was so little food for the Pilgrims that many of them starved to death.

Luckily for the Pilgrims, some nearby Indians came to rescue. They taught the Pilgrims to grow native food such as corn. Without this help, the Pilgrims would not have survived.

After the first harvest, the governor of Plymouth Colony - William Bradford - suggested that the Pilgrims hold a feast of thanksgiving. And to their thanksgiving feast the Pilgrims invited the Indians. The Pilgrims were grateful to the Indians for helping the Colony survive. In addition, they hoped that the celebration would strengthen their friendship with the Indians.

Nobody knows the date of the first Thanksgiving feast. But we do know that the Pilgrims and Indians enjoyed a huge feast of deer, goose, duck, oyster, eel, bread, fruit, and corn meal pudding.

In 1789 George Washington declared that Thanksgiving would be a national celebration. It is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. (1163)


Questions:

  1. When did the Pilgrims cross the Atlantic Ocean?

  2. Who taught them to grow native food?

  3. How did the Pilgrims thank the Indians?

  4. Why did the Pilgrims leave England?

  5. What other American holidays do you know?



Text 2


Television ESL reading

My mother used to tell me how she and her family got their first television when she was a teenager. Of course it was black and white. When I was young we had only about 3 or 4 different channels. My brothers and sisters and I would sometimes fight about which channel to watch. Nowadays we can get hundreds of channels on TV. There are channels with only old movies, and channels with only cooking, and channels with only fishing. It's amazing! There is a channel for everything. I wonder how much my brothers and sisters and I would fight if we had hundreds of channels when I was a child. Of course we had only one television set. These days I notice families with 2 or 3 or more television sets in their homes. I guess it stops people from arguing over which channel to choose from.


Questions:

1. How many channels were there on TV when the author was young?

2. Why did the author quarrel and fight with his brothers and sisters?

3. What is amazing in the author’s opinion?

4. What is your favourite TV channel? Why?

5. What programmes do they show on this channel?

6. Which are your favourite programmes? Why?

7. What’s your attitude to commercials on TV?

8. Are all TV channels in Britain and in Russia commercial free?

9. What are advantages and disadvantages of watching television?

10.How many hours a day do you watch TV?

11. Could you do without TV? Explain.


CARD 4


Text 1


ENDANGERED ANIMALS HELPdesk

What do the following animals have in common: pandas, rhinoceros, loggerhead turtles, Californian condors, pink pigeons, small tooth sawfish, and Siberian sturgeons? They are all endangered animals! Animals become endangered for a variety of reasons. Sadly, humans are behind every one of them! Here are three reasons.

Hunting: for centuries, humans have hunted elephants for their impressive tusks, killed tigers for their beautiful furs, and scooped up sturgeons to make caviar. While we still have elephants, tigers, and sturgeons in the wild, we cannot say the same about many others that have simply disappeared!

Loss of habitats: humans and animals have always competed for land and other natural resources. We clear an area of a forest for farming. We cut down trees and build beautiful houses. At the same time that we are trying to make our life comfortable, we inadvertently destroy the habitats of wild animals.

Pollution: more than once we have seen on televisions that rescue workers are trying to save seabirds soaked in spilled oil. More than once we have heard about how carbon dioxide and other gases have raised the Earth temperature and caused global warming. Pollution has a long lasting, and usually irreversible, effect. If we choose to do nothing and continue to pollute our planet Earth, our next generations will have to bear the consequences of abnormal weather and polluted environment. (1187)


Questions:

  1. Can you give any examples of endangered animals?

  2. Why do people hunt animals?

  3. How do we destroy the habitats of wild animals?

  4. What can we do to save rare species?

  5. What environmental organizations and groups do you know? Would you like to become a member of such a group?


Text 2


Family Problems BBCnews

Father leaves for work in the morning after breakfast. The two children take the bus to school, and mother stays at home cooking and cleaning until father and the kids return home in the evening. This is the traditional picture of a happy family living in Britain. But is it true today? The answer is - no!

The biggest change has been caused by divorce. The large rise in divorces has meant many women need to work to support themselves and their children. In addition, women are no longer happy to stay at home raising children, and many have careers earning as much as or even more than men. Although it is difficult to be a working mother, it has become normal and it's no longer seen as a bad thing for the children.


Questions:

  1. What is the traditional picture of a happy family from Britain?

  2. Why do women have to work?

  3. How many people are there in your family? Who are they?

  4. Does your mother work? What is she?

  5. Do you get on well with your brother (sister)?

  6. Are you ready to discuss your problems with your family members? If not, why?

  7. Do you sometimes argue with your parents? What about?

  8. Do you help your parents about the house? What do you usually do?

  9. Have you got any traditions in your family? Speak about them.

10.What are some advantages and disadvantages of being an only child?


CARD 5


Text 1


The Musical Glass by Jane Runyon

Mary Elizabeth loved music. She was happy when she heard lovely sounds. She waited to hear the birds sing outside her window in the spring. She listened for the cricket's song when she swept the hearth in her mother's kitchen. The horses passing her papa's store made a "clip clop" sound. That was a song to Mary Elizabeth. These songs made her heart fill with joy.

Mary Elizabeth had only one wish. She wanted to make music on her own. She couldn't sing very well. Her brother, Matthew, had said, "You sound like the cat when Nana stepped on its tail." She loved music so much. Why couldn't she make music on her own?

Mary Elizabeth knew where to go when she was sad. Her Uncle Ben Franklin could always make her smile. Best of all, Uncle Ben loved music just like Mary Elizabeth. One morning, Mary Elizabeth stood outside Uncle Ben's workshop. She could hear him humming to himself. She knew something fun was going to happen. She opened the door and saw Uncle Ben at his work table. Oh, no! What had happened? Broken glasses were everywhere. There were big glasses, little glasses, and middle sized glasses spread out on his table. Wait a minute. Only the stems that held the glasses up were broken off. What was Uncle Ben doing? Uncle Ben saw the puzzled look on Mary Elizabeth's face. "Come, little songbird," he said. "I will show you how we can make beautiful music. We will use what is broken. We can turn it into something good." (1178)


Questions:

  1. What sounds did Mary Elizabeth enjoy?

  2. What was her only wish?

  3. Who made her smile and laugh when she was upset?

  4. What did Mary hear while she was standing outside her uncle’s workshop?

  5. Why was Mary puzzled when she opened the door and look at his table?


Text 2


The Pearl of Siberia SpeakOut

Lake Baikal is the most ancient lake on earth. Lakes rarely live longer than a million years but the ‘Pearl of Siberia’, as it is often called, is more than 25 million years old! The lake holds one-fifth of the planet’s fresh water – and it is still clean!

Lake Baikal is one of the most beautiful places on earth. This wonder of the natural world is difficult to describe. The waters of the lake are amazingly transparent – and they change colours all the time. Lake Baikal is a living museum of water plants and animals. You can see many of them nowhere in the world.

The lake is surrounded by beautiful mountains. The Baikal Mountains and the taiga are protected as a national park.


Questions:

  1. How old is Lake Baikal?

  2. How much fresh water does it hold?

  3. Why is Lake Baikal so unique?

  4. What other popular attractions in Russia do you know?

  5. What natural resources is Russia rich in?

  6. What are your favourite places in Russia/in Moscow?

  7. How many people live in Moscow/St. Petersburg?

  8. Do you know how old Moscow is? Who was it founded by?

  9. What monuments, museums and theatres do visitors usually prefer to see in Moscow and St. Petersburg?

10.Do you like old or new districts of Moscow? Why?

11.Are you proud of your country and your home town?


CARD 6


Text 1


Shopping on the Internet Book of the Future

Shopping on the Internet, or shopping on-line is becoming more and more popular. More and more people are using the internet to buy things. Why do people use the Internet to shop? Some people say it is more convenient. They don't have to leave their homes to order something, and they can shop for anything they want at any time, day or night. Other people say they can find things for sale that they can't find in the stores near their homes. Still other people say they can find better prices on the Internet.

If you want to buy something on the Internet, you need a credit card. You have to type your credit card number and information on the website and send it to the store over the Internet. You have to be sure that the store will not use your information in the wrong way. You don't want someone to get your credit card number and charge something to your account. Of course, you always have to be careful with your credit card number, because people sometimes steal credit card numbers from stores and restaurants too.

For people who are too nervous to shop on-line, the Internet is a good place to go window-shopping. Window-shopping is when you go to a store and look at the things for sale, but don't plan to buy anything. Window-shopping is easy on the Internet. You can see what kinds of products are available and how much they cost. You can visit stores with branches near you, or you can visit stores that are only on the Internet. (1183)


Questions:

  1. Why do people use the Internet to shop?

  2. What do you need to do the shopping on line?

  3. Why do people have to be careful making a purchase via the Internet?

  4. What is window-shopping?

  5. Can you go window-shopping on the Internet?


Text 2


Paralympics Games SOON online magazine

Just a few weeks after the Olympic Games, it’s time for the Paralympics. They are the Olympic event for athletes with physical and mental disabilities.

The idea of Paralympics Games was born in 1948, when Sir Ludwig Guttmann organised a sports competition in England for World War II veterans with physical disabilities. Four years later, the event became international when participants from Holland joined in. In 1960 the Paralympics finally became an Olympic event. Four hundred athletes came to the first Paralympics Games in Rome in 1960. In Athens in 2004, more than 3800 athletes from all over the world competed in 19 different sports.

By the way, ‘para’ is a Greek word meaning ‘alongside/beside’. So the word Paralympics means ‘the Games parallel to the Olympic Games’.


Questions:

  1. Who are the Paralympics for?

  2. When did the Paralympics become an Olympic event?

  3. What does the word “Paralympics” mean?

  4. Do you think all people should do sport?

  5. What is your favourite sport?

  6. Do you like doing this sport or watching it?

  7. What extreme sports do you know? Have you ever tried any extreme sports?

  8. What are some advantages and disadvantages of going in for sports?

  9. Have you ever taken part in competitions? Did you win or lose?

10.Are you satisfied with your Physical Education lessons at school? Why? / Why not?

11.Do you think there are enough sport facilities in your school, in your area?

Card 7


Text 1

THE FIRST WOMAN IN BUSINESS David Evance


At the start of the twentieth century the idea of women in business seemed crazy. In those days men held all the positions of power and made all the decisions about money. They believed that a woman` s place was at home, looking after her children, cooking for her family and managing the house. If a woman needed to work she could perhaps find a job in a shop or in a factory, but she had no chance of working as a businesswoman or a banker, or a lawyer.

Women` s fashions in the USA and Europe at that time supported their position in society. Fashionable women wore long dresses that almost touched the ground. This made it difficult for them to drive a car, ride a horse or even walk quickly.

But many women were not happy with their position in society, and they didn’t like the clothes they had to wear. One of those people was a French woman called Gabrielle ‘Coco’ Chanel. When she went into business in 1910, she planned to change clothes that women wore. But over the next sixty years she did much more than that, as she became the richest and the most successful businesswoman.

Coco Chanel had no experience of business when she opened her first hat shop in Paris in 1910. She was only twenty-seven years old and she came from an ordinary family. Many of Coco’s customers in her first shop were her young women friends. They loved the simple but beautiful hats and dresses that Coco made for them, and soon her shop started to do well. (1181)


Questions.

1 What were a woman’s opportunities in business?

2 What did fashionable women use to wear?

3 Why didn’t` all women like the style of clothes which were in fashion at that time?

4 How did Coco Chanel start her business?

5 Why did Coco Chanel become famous all over the world?

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