Part One ELEMENTS OF GRAMMAR
Directions: Complete the sentences below using the correct alternative from those marked A, B, C, or D.
The noun Test 1 |
1. When I came into cottage, the family sitting
round the table playing draughts. Draughts their
favourite game. They like to play in the evenings.
A the Holley's, were, are, it B Holleys, was, are, them C the Holleys', were, is, it D Holleys's, was, is, them
2. When he was going through a narrow passage between
two , he heard , These were his neighbours,
A merrys-go-round, laugh, twenty-years old B merry-go-rounds, a laugh, twenty-year old C merry-goes-round, laughter, twenty-years old D merry-goes-rounds, a laughter, twenty-year old
3. They decided to open a season. Though it was a fash
ionable party and the walls were decorated with
and , the majority of the guests wearing jeans
A lilies-of-the-valley, forget-me-nots, were B lily-of-the-valleys, forget-me-nots, were C lilies-of-the-valley, forgets-me-not, was
D lilies-of-the-valleys, forgets-me-nots, was
4. The wife was wearing a plain white dress with a
string of pearls that cost more than my salary.
A governor's-general, two years' B governor-general's, two years' C governor-general, two years D governor's-general's, two-year
5. He pulled off his gloves and put onto the dressing
table. She noticed that brand new. So was his hat.
A it, it was B it, they were C them, it was D them, they were
6. He conducted a lot of into but a failure.
A researches, hay fevers, they were B research, hay fever, it was C researches, hay fever, it was . D research, hay fevers, they were
7. The proceeds of the campaign been spent on the
construction of the Children's Care Centre. Roadworks
being held there to build a new crossing.
A has, are, pedestrian's
B have, are, pedestrian
C has, is, pedestrians
D have, is, pedestrians'
8. Look, Mary is playing with the scissors! Take
away from her, may cut into her fingers.
A it, it B them, it C it, they D them, they
9. Here the pocket money my uncle has sent me
today. ___ will be enough to settle all my debts.
A are, It C is, It
B is, They D are, They
10. The criteria too vague. If there were a sharper
to make our choice, I would be happy.
A is, criterion C is, criteria
B are, criterion D are, criteria
11. The latest news from the Middle East countries _
disturbing. A close-up camera showed a man run
ning somewhere. His face was bruised and his clothes
A was, was C was, were
B were, were D were, was
12. The premises big enough, but the inspection took
them a lot of , and they had to drive home at .
A was, time, dusks
B were, times, a dusk C was, times, dusk D were, time, dusk
13. The price for has increased by ten in the last
quarter. Lodgings very expensive nowadays.
A an accommodation, per cent, is B accommodation, per cent, are C accommodations, per cents, is D accommodation, per cents, are
14. That species of birds migrant and found in
Africa in winter. Our surroundings too severe
for such birds and they leave early in September.
A is, is, are, them C is, is, is, it B are, are, are, them D are, are, is, it
15. The crossroads at our supermarket a dangerous
place. The traffic lights will help both pedestrians and
drivers to avoid accidents. The police to set
A are, needs, them C are, needs, it
B is, need, them D is, need, it
16. Measles a dangerous disease and a lot of children
catch at an early age.
A is, them C are, them
B is, it D arc, it
17. This the most effective means of production and
_ can be adjusted to your business in ___ time.
A is, it, two month's B are, they, a two-months C is, they, two-month D is, it, two months'
18. The Azores are dark blue species that require ___
cultivation in temperate regions.
A forget-me-nots, greenhouse B forgets-me-nots, greenhouse's C forget-me-not, greenhouse D forgets-me-not, greenhouse's
19. Reliable about everyday clothing from the past
hard to obtain.
A evidences, are C evidences, is
B evidence, is D evidence, are
20. These species protected in national parks and .
A is, game reserves B are, game's reserves C are, game reserves D is, games reserves
1. depths are usually much greater than depths
because of low density.
A Snow, rain, snow B Snow's, rain's, snow's C Snow, rain, snow's D Snow's, rain, snow's
2. are tiny white bells hanging from a single erect
stem about 30 cm tall with the as a red berry.
A Lilies-of-the-valley, fruit
B Lilies-of-the-valley, fruits
C Lily-of-the-valleys, fruit
D Lily-of-the-valleys, fruits
3. There a lot of machinery in the shop and skilled
workers operated .
A was, them C were, it
B were, them D was, it
4. The was shaky and he decided to go to the sec
A leg's table, furniture's
B leg of the table, furniture's
C leg of the table, furniture
D leg's table, furniture
5. One hundred pounds a large sum for her and she
decided to put the money on her account.
A was, savings B was, saving's C were, savings D were, saving's
6. Where Nick's pyjamas? — on the bed.
A is, It is C is, They are
B are, They are D are, It is
7. Bread and cheese his usual meal and he has been
living on for two months.
A was, them C is, it
B are, it D is, them
8. His decreased because his salary was cut by 7 .
A earnings, per cent B earnings, per cents C earning, per cents D earning, percentage
9. The producer presented his new film. The show
A two-series, three hour's B two-seria, three hours C two-series, three hours' D two-series', three hour's
10. The story of the magnificent castle the guide told
us about was exciting.
A five-centuries-old B five-century's-old C five-century-old D five-century-old's
11. This is the cloakroom, and that one is for .
A ladies', gentlemen's B lady's, gentlemen's C ladies', gentlemen D lady, gentlemen
12. The at the talks made a deep influence on
A Minister of Foreign Trade's speech, peace's B Minister's of Foreign Trade' speech, peace C Minister of Foreign Trade's speech, peaceful D Minister of Foreign Trade's speech, peace
13. The official is a table containing the holy days,
, and festivals of the church.
A Christian church calendar, saints' days B Christian's church calendar, saint days C Christian church's calendar, saint's days D Christian's church's calendar, saints' days
14. The most beautiful of carved jade in the form of
ornamental pieces, such as vases, bowls, tablets, and
statues, many of which are now , were made in China.
A specimen, museum pieces B specimens, museum pieces C specimen, museum's pieces D specimens, museum's pieces
15. Various of the are cereals, cultivated for their
, which is used as food.
A species, grass family, seed
B speci, grass family, seeds
C species, grass's family, seed
D speci, grass's family, seeds
16. The stone identified as a was the first step in
opening the fields of that region, which have be
come the greatest in the world.
A 21-carats diamond, diamonds B 21-carat diamond, diamonds C 21-carat diamond's, diamond's D 21-carat diamond, diamond
17. She was well aware of her extraordinary good looks,
and was perfectly prepared to discuss , just as a
man seven high might talk of advantages and in
conveniences of being tall.
A them, foot C them, feet
B it, foot D it, feet
18. There enough to suggest that job stress may
increase a man's risk of dying from disease.
A are, evidences, hearts B is, evidence, heart C is, evidence, heart's D are, evidence, heart
19. At its height in the early 1900s, the British Empire
included over 20 of the land area and more
than 400 people.
A percents, world, million
B percent, world's, millions
C percent, world's, million
D percents, worlds', million
20. The history goes back to 1808.
A state's newspaper's B state's newspaper C state newspaper's D state newspapers'
1. African cheetah is believed to be fastest ani
mal on earth.
A An, the, the C , ,
B The, , D The, the,
2. most cats hunt in dim light, but they also
hunt in dark and in daylight.
A , , the,
B The, the, the, the
C , , ,
D The, the, , the
3. Captain Cook reached Cape of Good Hope
in spring of 1771 and sailed via St. Helena
in the South Atlantic before arriving in England in July 1771,
A The, the, , the C The, , , the
B , the, the, D , , the,
4. We must organize little dinner to celebrate
event. Tell her to come and see me at noon.
We'll speak about it.
A , an, the C the, the,
B a, the, the D a, the,
5. She remained on deck until midnight, and
following day she was carried up there again early
A , , the, the C , , ,
B a, the, the, the D the, the, ,
6. On the second day of our voyage, before we reached
Zanzibar, Camellia ran into ____ bad weath
er, and most of the passengers became seasick.
A the, the, the, the
B , the, ,
C , , a, the
D the, the, a,
7. Until the nineteenth century, carpet was usually con
sidered work of art and was made by hand.
A the, , ,
B a, a, the,
C the, a, ,
D a, , the, the
8. At last war ended, but the transition from
war to peace was painful for both sides.
A the, the, the C a, a, a
B , , D the, ,
9. morning after morning of late he has
taken his walk in the same direction trying to see her again.
A A, a, the C , ,
B The, the, D A, a,
10. common autumn phenomenon in central and
eastern USA and in Europe is Indian sum
mer, a period of unseasonably warm weather
that sometimes occurs in late September and Oc
A The, the, the, the, the,
B A, the, , the, the, the
C A, , , , , the
D A, the, , , ,
11. By late 18th century and Captain Cook's
exploration of southern Pacific, much of
world had been mapped.
A the, the, the, the
B , , the
C the, , the, the
D the, , ,
12. In 1620, group of Leyden Puritans, 101 men,
women and children, set out for Virginia on
A the, the, the, the C a, , a, the
B a, , , the D a, the, a
13. At zenith of their power in Middle Ages
craft guilds had enormous power over their mem
A , the, C a, , the
B the, the, an D a, the,
14. He was a page, that is youth of noble birth
who left his family at early age to serve in the
family of man of rank.
A , the, an, a, the
B a, , an, ,
C the, the, the, the, the
D a, a, an, a,
15. dinosaur is a reptile that was dominant land
animal during most of Mesozoic Era but
became extinct at its close.
A The, the, the, the, the
B The, the, , the,
C A, a, , ,
D A, the, the, the, the
16. Only tiny percentage of plant species are di
rectly used by humans for food, shelter,
fiber, and drugs.
A , , the, the C the, the, the, the
B a, , , D a, the, , the
1. rice, wheat, corn, legumes, cotton, conifers,
and tobacco are items on which whole econ
omies and nations depend.
A , the, the
B The, ,
C The, the, the
D , the,
2. tiger lives in Asia and belongs to same genus
as lion, leopard, and jaguar.
A The, the, the C , the,
B A, , a D The, ,
3. most of financial activities are crowded along
A The, the C ,
B The, D , the
4. The intersection is known as Bank, which in
cludes huge Bank of England complex, Roy
al Exchange, and Stock Exchange.
A the, the, the, the
B , , ,
C , the, ,
D the, , the
5. The busiest shopping area is Oxford Street, where
such large department stores as Selfridges,
John Lewis, and Marks and Spencer are located.
A , , ,
B the, the, the, the
C , , the, the
D the, the, ,
6. East End, beyond City of London and
Tower, has long been home of London's docks
A The, the , C The, the, the, the
B , , the, the D The, , ,
7. centre of this educational establishment is
University of London in Bloomsbury, founded in
A The, , the C , the,
B The, the, D , , the
8. It is made up of number of colleges, schools,
and attached institutes, which range from Lon
don School of Economics and Political Science to
King's College and several medical schools.
A the, , C a, ,
B a, the, the D the, , the
9. With average elevation of more than 4000 m,
Tibet is the highest region on earth sometimes
called Roof of World.
A , the, the, the
B the, , ,
C an, the, , the
D an, , the, the
10. apple, peach, pear, and apricot trees are culti
vated in valleys of the region.
A , the C ,
B The, D The, the
11. musk deer, wild sheep, wild goats, wild don
keys, yaks, and Tibetan antelopes are common
in mountainous areas.
A , , C The, the, the
B A, , D The, , the
12. On typical summer day, the temperature can rise
from 3°C before sunrise to 27°C by midday.
A the, the, the C the, ,
B a, , D a, the, the
13. most common material for rugs and carpets has
traditionally been sheep's wool, although in cer
tain regions goat's or camel's hair is also used.
A The, the, the C , the, the
B The, , D , ,
14. At the end of the 16th century the first explorers of
South Seas mapped southern sky, which was
largely unknown to ancients.
A , the, C the, the, the
B , a, the D the, ,
15. During Renaissance, people thought that their
own age and time of ancient Greece and
Rome were advanced and civilized.
A the, the, the C the, the,
B , , D , the,
16. Because there were no rugs or tapestries, sounds
of the monks' prayers echoed from one end of the
church to .
A , the other C the, another
B the, other D , others
1. East End has frequently been characterized by
poverty, crime, and slums.
A The, the C ,
B The, D , the
2. The church calendar includes the fixed feasts, such as
Christmas, and movable feasts, which de
pend on the date of Easter.
A the, the, the C , ,
B , the, D the, , the
3. In 1722 several thousand Polynesians inhabited the island,
but diseases and raids by slave traders reduced
number to fewer than 200 by late 19th century.
A the, the, C , the,
B the, a, the D , the, the
4. The island was named by Dutch explorer who
landed here on Easter Day in 1722.
A the, C the, the
B a, D the, an
5. Born in Salinas, California, Steinbeck was educated
at Stanford University. As youth, he worked
as ranch hand and fruit picker.
A , a, a C the, the, the
B the, , D , , a
6. pearl is abnormal growth resulting from the
invasion of the body of the mollusk by minute
particle of foreign matter, such as fine grain of
A The, an, a, a C , the, , the
B A, , the, D The, an, the, the
7. jade has always been prized by Chinese and
Japanese as most precious of all stones.
A The, the, the, the C The, , the,
B , , , the D , the, the,
8. Sir Henry Morgan is said to have been kidnapped at
Bristol when boy and sold as servant on
West Indian island of Barbados.
A , , C the, the,
B a, a, the D a, the, a
9. wealth acquired from trade enabled up
per classes to live in luxury.
A The, the, the, the C , , the,
B , , the, the D The, the, ,
10. cotton is still a principal raw material for
world's textile industry, but its dominant position has
been seriously eroded by synthetic fibers.
A The, the, the C The, ,
B , the D , the,
11. American inventors Elisha Gray and Alexander
Graham Bell applied for patent on telephone
on the same day.
A The, a, the C , a, a
B , the, the D The, the,
12. jade is highly valued gemstone used in
A The, the, C , a,
B , the, the D The, a, the
13. porcelain was first made by Chinese.
A The, , the C , , the
B The, the, D , the,
14. gold is extremely inactive. It is unaffected by
air, heat, moisture, and most solvents.
A , , the
B The, the,
C , ,
D The, ,
15. optical phenomena, such as rainbows and halos,
occur when light shines through cloud particles.
A , C The, the
B The, D , the
16. stone picked up by child on the banks of
Orange River in South Africa in 1866 was a
A , a, the, the
B A, a, ,
C , the, , the
D A, a, the,
17. E-mail and Internet are latest technolo
gies that are spreading American English.
A , , , the
B , the, the,
C The, the, the,
The Pronoun Test 6
1. He closed one eye, but eye looked at me with a
strange expression as if he wanted to advise me of
but was forbidden to say .
A another, something, something B other, anything, anything C the other, something, anything D the another, anything, something
2. They covered three miles and came to a point
where they couldn't see vegetation: _ was cov
ered with snow.
A other, any, all
B another, any, everything
C the other, no, each
D others, , the whole
3. He set to one side, disassociating from what
was going forward, watching running calmly.
A little, , the others
B a little, himself, another
C a little, himself, the others
D little, , the other
4. When I met her, her parents had perished and
she was dependent upon . She did not want
help and lived on own.
A either, her, anybody, her
B any of, hers, somebody's, hers
C both, herself, anybody's, her
D both of, oneself, everybody, oneself
5. of them quite knew what she meant, but was
sure that she could not bring to do it.
A Nobody, all, her
B Somebody, every, oneself
C No one, each,
D None, everybody, herself
6. I phoned her day, but she refused to
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